Transition Signals Comparison Contrast Essay

Transition signals are useful in achieving good cohesion and coherence in your writing. This page gives information on what transition signals are, the grammar of transition signals, and different types of transition signals. The is also an example essay at the end in which you can highlight the different types of transition signal.


What are transition signals?

Transition signals, along with repeated words and reference words, are one of the main ways to achieve good cohesion and coherence in your writing. They are therefore a way to help ensure that your ideas and sentences cohere or 'stick together'. Transition signals are used to signal relationships between ideas in your writing. For example, the transition signal 'for example' is used to give examples, while the word 'while' is used to show a contrast. In addition, there are phrases like 'in addition' for adding new ideas. Likewise there are words such as 'likewise' to connect similar ideas.


Grammar of transition signals

Broadly speaking, transition signals can be divided into three types:


Sentence connectors are used to connect two sentences together. They are joined by a full-stop (period) or semi-colon, and are followed by a comma. The following are examples of sentence connectors.


Clause connectors are used to connect two clauses together to form one sentence. They are joined by a comma. The following are examples of clause connectors.


Other connectors follow different grammar patterns. Many are followed by noun phrases. Some are verbs and should therefore be used as verbs in a sentence. The following are examples of other connectors.


Types of transition signals

Below are examples of different types of transition signals. They are divided by type, and sub-divided according to grammar.


To introduce an additional idea

Sentence connectors

  • also
  • besides
  • furthermore
  • in addition
  • moreover
  • additionally

Other

  • another (+ noun)
  • an additional (+ noun)


To compare

Sentence connectors

  • likewise
  • similarly
  • equally
  • in the same way

Clause connectors

  • and
  • both... and
  • not only... but also
  • neither... nor
  • just as

Other

  • as... as
  • like/alike
  • just like
  • to be similar to
  • to be alike
  • to be similar


To contrast

Sentence connectors

  • however
  • in contrast
  • instead
  • in/by comparison
  • nevertheless
  • nonetheless
  • on the other hand
  • on the contrary
  • still

Clause connectors

  • but
  • yet
  • although
  • even though
  • though
  • whereas
  • while

Other

  • despite (+ noun)
  • in spite of (+ noun)
  • compared to/with
  • to be different (from)
  • to be dissimilar
  • to be unlike
  • to differ (from)


To introduce a cause/reason

Other

  • to result from
  • to be the result of
  • due to
  • because of
  • to be the effect of
  • to be the consequence of
  • as a result of
  • as a consequence of


To introduce an effect/result

Sentence connectors

  • as a result
  • as a consequence
  • consequently
  • hence
  • thus
  • therefore

Other

  • to result in
  • to cause
  • to have an effect on
  • to affect
  • the cause of
  • the reason for


To give an example

Sentence connectors

  • for example
  • for instance
  • in this case

Other

  • such as (+ noun)
  • like
  • an example of (+ noun)
  • to demonstrate


To show chronological order

Sentence connectors

  • first, second, etc.
  • first of all
  • then
  • next
  • now
  • then
  • soon
  • last
  • finally
  • previously
  • meanwhile
  • gradually
  • after that
  • since
  • then

Clause connectors

  • after
  • as
  • as soon as
  • before
  • since
  • until
  • when
  • while

Other

  • the first, the second
  • the next, the last, the final
  • before (lunch etc.)
  • after (the war etc.)
  • since (1970 etc.)
  • in the year (2000 etc.)


To show order of importance

Sentence connectors

  • above all
  • first and foremost
  • more/most importantly
  • primarily

Other

  • a more important
  • the most important
  • the second most significant
  • the primary


To show an alternative


To identify or clarify

Sentence connectors

  • that is
  • in other words
  • specifically


To reinforce

Sentence connectors

  • in fact
  • indeed
  • of course
  • clearly


To conclude

Sentence connectors

  • all in all
  • in brief
  • in conclusion
  • in short
  • in summary

Other

  • to summarise
  • to conclude
  • It is clear that...
  • We can see that...
  • The evidence suggests...
  • These examples show...


Example essay

Below is an example essay. It is the one used in the persuasion essay section. Click on the different areas (in the shaded boxes to the right) to highlight the different types of transition signal in this essay.


Title: Consider whether human activity has made the world a better place.


Examples

 

Addition

   

Contrast

 

Reason

   

Alternative

 

Conclude

History shows that human beings have come a long way from where they started. They have developed new technologies which means that everybody can enjoy luxuries they never previously imagined. However, the technologies that are temporarily making this world a better place to live could well prove to be an ultimate disaster due to, among other things, the creation of nuclear weapons, increasing pollution, and loss of animal species.

The biggest threat to the earth caused by modern human activity comes from the creation of nuclear weapons. Although it cannot be denied that countries have to defend themselves, the kind of weapons that some of them currently possess are far in excess of what is needed for defence. If these weapons were used, they could lead to the destruction of the entire planet.

Another harm caused by human activity to this earth is pollution. People have become reliant on modern technology, which can have adverse effects on the environment. For example, reliance on cars causes air and noise pollution. Even seemingly innocent devices, such as computers and mobile phones, use electricity, most of which is produced from coal-burning power stations, which further adds to environmental pollution. If we do not curb our direct and indirect use of fossil fuels, the harm to the environment may be catastrophic.

Animals are an important feature of this earth and the past decades have witnessed the extinction of a considerable number of animal species. This is the consequence of human encroachment on wildlife habitats, for example deforestation to expand human cities. Some may argue that such loss of species is natural and has occurred throughout earth's history. However, the current rate of species loss far exceeds normal levels, and is threatening to become a mass extinction event.

In summary, there is no doubt that current human activities such as the creation of nuclear weapons, pollution, and destruction of wildlife, are harmful to the earth. It is important for us to see not only the short-term effects of our actions, but their long-term effects as well. Otherwise, human activities will be just another step towards destruction.

Transition signals

 

Examples

 

Addition

 

Contrast

 

Reason

 

Alternative

 

Conclude

 

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Checklist

Below is a checklist for transition signals. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer (another student) to help you.


ItemOK?Comment
There is good use of transition signals, without being overused (not every sentence!)
The grammar is correct (e.g. using sentence connectors to join sentences with a full-stop (period), using clause connectors to join two clauses, using other connectors correctly e.g. 'due to' + noun)
There are different types of transition signal


Next section

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Previous section

Go back to the previous section about cohesion.






What are compare and contrast transition words? Before you can understand what they are, you should know the use of transition words and phrases first. Fundamentally, those words and phrases help on making essays easier to read.

In addition, they allow the readers to transition from one topic or point to another. They enhance the understandability and logical organization of an article by helping the readers know the relationship of the previous and following sentence and/or paragraph in the paper they are reading.

Contrast and Comparison

As the term implies, compare and contrast transition words are transitional phrases/words that show comparison and contrasting relation of two ideas. They are also used to emphasize negative and positive ideas. For you to have a clue on what exactly are they, here is a list of the most common contrast and compare transition words and phrases that are used in everyday writing and speech.

Contrast:

  • A clear difference
  • But
  • Conflicting viewpoint
  • Despite
  • Even so
  • For all that
  • However
  • In another way
  • Larger
  • Nevertheless
  • On one hand
  • Pro
  • Rather
  • Slower
  • Still another
  • The antithesis of

Comparison:

  • In the same way
  • By the same token
  • Similarly
  • In like manner
  • Likewise
  • In similar fashion

Both:

  • By the same token
  • Conversely
  • Likewise
  • On the other hand
  • Rather
  • Similarly
  • Yet
  • However
  • Nevertheless
  • In contrast

Here are some examples on how to use contrast and compare transitional words.

  1. Contrasting Transition Example
  2. First sentence: I want to buy an ice cream.

    Second sentence: My mother does not want me to buy an ice cream.

      Contrast 1: I want to buy an ice cream, but my mother does not want me to buy one.
      Contrast 2: I want to buy an ice cream. However, my mother does not want me to buy one.
      Contrast 3: I want to buy an ice cream; unfortunately, my mother does not want me to buy one.
  3. Comparison Transition Example
  4. First sentence: I eat ice cream slowly.

    Second sentence: I eat cotton candies slowly.

      Comparison 1: I eat ice cream slowly, in the same way I eat cotton candies.
      Comparison 2: I eat ice cream slowly. Likewise, I eat cotton candies slowly, too.
      Comparison 3: I eat ice cream slowly; similarly, I eat cotton candies slowly, too.

The examples above demonstrate how to use both type of transition words. As you can see, the sentences are now easier to read than the sentences without the transition words. Also, you have now a clearer understanding on how the ideas of the sentences are related.

Using compare and contrast transition words are very easy. Nevertheless, they can greatly affect your article’s readability and quality in a positive way. Ergo, make sure you always use them.

Author:

Dr. Michael Babcock is a Professor of Humanities at the Liberty University, Virginia. He wrote “The Stories of Attila the Hun’s Death: Narrative, Myth, and Meaning” (2001) and was a guest speaker at academic conferences on language origins and the philosophy of consciousness topics. Since 2008, he delivers help with academic papers on behalf of Professional Custom Essay Writing Service at freshessays.com.

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